In relating to Muslims and Islam, Christians should be guided by the command of Jesus Christ to love their enemies and the appeal by the apostle Paul to overcome evil with good.
At the center of the roundtable discussions with European Baptist representatives was the question of how Baptist churches in changing societies can engage in conversation with those societies.
Those attending a Roundtable of the Theology and Education Division of the European Baptist Federation (EBF) in mid-June in Beirut, Lebanon, were in agreement on that subject.
Reporting that is marked by fear and that inspires a sense of powerlessness only causes damage. Above all, it is important to establish loving relationships with Muslims. At the same time, problems created by a radical Islamic authority must not be marginalized.
At the center of the discussions was the question of how Baptist churches in changing societies can engage in conversation with those societies.
In addition to representatives from the Middle East, the meeting at the Arab Baptist Theological Seminary (ABTS) also drew participants from Belgium, Germany, Estonia and Moldavia.
The head of the division is Estonian theologian Toivo Pilli from Estonia, who led the roundtable discussion.
This was the third roundtable to deal with the topic "Baptist Churches and Changing Society."
The first meeting took place in 2010 in Estonia. The topic was the East European perspective. The second meeting in Germany in 2011 dealt with the West European perspective. The third, now in Beirut, with the perspective of the Middle East.
Martin Accad, ABTS professor of Islamic Studies, examined the question of how Christians might evaluate the Arab Spring. He dismissed conspiracy theories, according to which the current developments in the Arab world are driven by the West or the East.
How should Christians in these countries conduct themselves? It is a matter of fundamentally seeking selfless justice, Accad said.
He rejected an ethic of pragmatism, which primarily seeks to discover which government would provide the best situation for Christians. That would be a self-serving stance. Especially in times of crisis, Christians should be guided by the command to love their neighbor.
In Accad's estimation, it is impossible to say which of the two civil war parties would be the better option for Christians. It is important to treat each other with openness and respect and thus build bridges of mutual understanding.
Accad considers an agreement between five Muslim Brothers and 17 Coptic Evangelical leaders in Egypt to be exemplary. They recently agreed on shared values.
ABTS instructor Arthur Brown presented his research project, which deals with the question of whether an evangelistic ministry to young people in a multi-religious, specifically Muslim, context can fit in with the culture.
On the one hand, Brown said, evangelical Christians in Lebanon want to confess boldly the gospel of Jesus Christ. At the same time, they want to approach the existing cultures and traditions with sensitivity and esteem.
Brown said he wants to demonstrate how it is possible to follow Christ while remaining culturally Muslim. His research work is part of a project that is meant to lead to a doctoral degree.
Baptist pastor Hanna Massad from Jordan, who once worked in the Gaza Strip, reported on his work among refugees in Jordan. In order to serve people in need, an attitude of forgiveness and love is necessary.
Pastor Victor Ormanzhi reported a groundbreaking development in Moldavia, where he ministers.
At the Academy for Theology and Education in Moldavia's capital, Christians are specially trained for missionary work among Muslims in central Asia. Students from more than 20 countries of the former Soviet Union are enrolled there, he said.
Ormanzhi said the training is worthy of notice precisely because there is not a single mosque in Moldavia, and Islam was only officially registered as a religious community in 2012.
Following the roundtable discussion, the EBF moved into the 9th Middle East Conference, which dealt with the situation of up to 350,000 Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.
"As Christians, we are more and more perceived as people who want to serve society and not as being self-serving," said Alia E. Abbound, director for development and partnerships for the Lebanese Society for Educational and Social Development.
Klaus Rösler is with the European Baptist Press Service.
Listen to a brief EthicsDaily.com interview with Martin Accad below: